Annette Lu Hsiu-lien Lu was born in Taoyuan County, in northern Taiwan, during Japanese rule. She was the Vice President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) from 2000 to 2008, under President Chen Shui-bian. She announced her intentions to run for President of Taiwan on March 6, 2007, but withdrew in order to support DPP presidential nominee, Frank Hsieh. Lu announced on February 25, 2011, that she would seek the DPP nomination for President of the Republic of China in 2012, but later withdrew her bid. Tsai Ing-wen, chairwoman of the DPP, finally won the nomination. Lu is a member of the Democratic Progressive Party and one of Taiwan's independence advocates. Lu is also a prominent feminist activist. After graduating from Taipei First Girls' High School, she studied law at the National Taiwan University. Graduating in 1967, she went on to gain a master's degree from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and another degree from Harvard University.